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Aquarica was a long term project by Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten. It was in 2006 that game publisher White Birds announced its plans to create a video game called Aquarica 1).

White Birds was founded by Benoît Sokal, Olivier Fontenay, Jean-Philippe Messian and Michel Bams in August 2003 2). Sokal had already worked on games like Amerzone and Syberia at game publisher Microïds 3). After finishing Paradise he started working together with François Schuiten on Aquarica. The theme of the game would be about environmental issues and man’s relationship to nature. From the beginning there was also the ambition to turn the project into an animated feature film 4).

François Schuiten: “Initially it was a film project; so many designs, many sketches, character studies, costumes, situations… We have such a number of incredible drawings that we could easily publish 3 art books.” 5)

Around 2008 the PC game market was quite difficult and White Birds Productions shifted its focus on Nintendo. The plans to create the video game Aquarica were then shelved 6). But the intention of producing an animated movie was still on 7). In 2011 White Birds Productions closed 8).

In 2012, filmmaker Martin Villeneuve joined the project, after working with François Schuiten on Mars et Avril. Sokal, Schuiten and Villeneuve picked up the idea of making an animated movie.

Aquarica will be an animated fantasy feature film – Villeneuve will direct, while Schuiten & Sokal will act as production designers. The film will be produced by Pierre Even (Brooklyn, C.R.A.Z.Y.) at ITEM 7 in Canada, in co-production with Europe and/or Asia 9). The project received development support from SODEC in 2013 and 2015, and from The Harold Greenberg Fund in 2016. The latest plan was to finance the film in 2019, and to produce it in 2020. But these plans were postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Due to the death of Benoît Sokal in 2021 there are no recent plans.

The project was also adapted into a comic book by Sokal and Schuiten. The album was intended to be published in two volumes by Rue de Sèvres 10). The first volume was published on October 11, 2017 11) 12). The second volume was not finished before the early death of Benoît Sokal in May 2021. François Schuiten will now finish the album 13).

Benoît Sokal, Martin Villeneuve & François Schuiten during their working session in Southern France in July 2014.

François Schuiten and Benoît Sokal photographed by Martin Villeneuve during their working session in July 2014.

Story summary

The idea of the story is more than 10 years old.

À l’origine, mais c’était vraiment succinct, j’avais un début de piste dont j’ai parlé à François. Peu à peu, cela s’est insinué dans son esprit. Mais on n’a rien forcé, on a juste commencé avec cette idée d’une baleine tellement grande qu’on pouvait croire qu’il s’agissait d’une île sur laquelle des naufragés auraient pu s’échouer et vivre une vie de Robinson. Voilà, c’était juste ça l’idée de départ 14). Benoît Sokal

The original story takes place in 1932. One day, the inhabitants of Roodhaven – a once flourishing whaling port – discover a strange boat washing up on shore. It is assembled out of various bits and pieces of whaling ships that have long-since disappeared. Aboard this vessel, they find a young woman, Aquarica, who presents herself as the great-granddaughter of Jeremy Connolly, the captain of the schooner “Aquarica”, lost at sea over a hundred years before. She speaks of her people, who live on a mysterious island out in the middle of the ocean; an island that has, almost imperceptibly, started to slowly move northward, as if becoming alive and responding to a strange and irresistible call. What if the famous legend of the giant whales were true? Sailors the world over have heard about these mythic sea-beasts known as “mastodonwhales”, but no one has ever seen one. These gigantic whales are said to float in a state of near-lethargy at the heart of warm sea currents, their backs covered with mineral soil. A luxurious vegetation springs from these camouflaged garden-backs, even giving rise to an indigenous wildlife and an isolated tribe of humans. But once every hundred years, the mastodonwhales set out upon a voyage, back toward the frozen waters of their birth, in order to reproduce. For the love of Aquarica, a young scientist, John Greyford, will try to save the people of the island and above all preserve the mastodonwhale from the crazed and murderous whaling fleet of Captain Will Baltimore, fierce commander of the fastest whaling ship in history, the “Slayer”.

If the story told in the comic books, or even in the movie, follow these lines is still uncertain. According to its title, La Baleine Géante, the second volume will introduce the giant whale.

The albums

Before becoming an animated feature film, Aquarica was first adapted into a comic book by Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten. The script for the comic book version is written by Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten. The designs and dialogues are by Benoît Sokal. The cover of the first album was made by their four hands 15).

The album was intended to be published in two volumes by Rue de Sèvres 16). Due to the death of Benoît Sokal in 2021 the second album was not finished by Sokal. François Schuiten will now finish the album 17).

Rue de Sèvres published this photo in May 2017 teasing the album’s release 18).


The first volume of Aquarica is titled Roodhaven. The 72-pages album was published on October 11, 2017 by Rue de Sèvres.

In addition to the standard edition, a deluxe version was published by CANAL BD 19). This deluxe edition is limited to 1.200 copies and takes the standard version of Rue de Sèvres but also contains:

  • A black canvas backcover
  • A different, yet unpublished cover
  • A numbered bookplate (1200 copies)
  • An 8-pages interview with Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten, with additional artwork
Cover of Aquarica - Roodhaven
Cover of the deluxe version of Aquarica - Roodhaven

Some pages of Aquarica - Roodhaven.

Upon the release of the first volume of Aquarica, Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten were invited to spend the day at the headquarters of Ouest France, to illustrate the next DOF (Dimanche Ouest France), which appeared on October 8th 20). See also: Ouest France with Benoît Sokal.

François Schuiten and Benoît Sokal at Ouest France

Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten gave several interviews after the release of the first volume of Aquarica. In the following video four interviews are captured:

  • RTBF – “Les têtes d’affiche : François Schuiten et Benoît Sokal” (17 octobre 2017).
  • Un Amour de BD – “Sokal - Aquarica - T1 - Roodhaven” published by Rue de Sèvres (30 novembre 2017).
  • Ouest-France – “Bande dessinée : Sokal et Schuiten, grands raconteurs d’histoires”, Ouest-France (8 octobre 2017).
  • – “Un retour sur la genèse d’Aquarica” (24 janvier 2018).

La Baleine Géante

The title of the second volume would have been La Baleine Géante. The publication date was announced for October 2020 but was not published due to the illness of Benoît Sokal. After the death of Benoît Sokal in May 2021, In July 2021 it was announced that François Schuiten will finish this album. He has to draw about 15 pages to complete the album. A hard and emotional loaded task. The release of this second volume is projected for April 2022.

The movie

The animated feature film Aquarica is a collaboration between Martin Villeneuve, writer, director and producer, and European comic book masters François Schuiten & Benoît Sokal 21). Martin Villeneuve started working on the script after making his feature film debut with Mars et Avril, upon which he collaborated with Schuiten 22).

Due to the death of Benoît Sokal in 2021, it is unknown if this part of the project will continue

Aquarica will be an animated fantasy feature film – Villeneuve will direct, while Schuiten & Sokal will act as production designers. The film will be produced by Pierre Even (Brooklyn, C.R.A.Z.Y.) at ITEM 7 in Canada, in co-production with Europe and/or Asia 23). It received development support from SODEC in 2013 and 2015, and from The Harold Greenberg Fund in 2016 24).

Producer Pierre Even explains that this will be the first animated movie for Item 7. “It’s a good project so we thought ‘why not?’ Let’s get into it and then we’ll find the way to do it. Very often it’s people like Martin [Villeneuve] who are so talented that we want to put our energies behind them.” 25)

Watch Once Upon A Time Martin Villeneuve, a 14-minute documentary produced in 2020 about filmmaker Martin Villeneuve, directed by Jean Benoit, featuring interviews with stage director Robert Lepage, illustrator François Schuiten and filmmaker Denis Villeneuve, in which we see Schuiten at work on Aquarica:

Aquarica metaphorically tackles the theme of climate change, through the prism of a beautiful love story and a quest full of unexpected twists and reveals. The story takes place in a parallel world in order to better expose and dramatize the paradoxes we face today: nature created us, nurtured us and we are part of it, yet we are altering its delicate equilibrium. In the world of this film, the boundaries between science and myth are blurred, stimulating the viewers’ imagination, questioning our relationship with nature, and pushing the limits of what we think is visually possible. Full of strange, otherworldly technologies, this fantastical, ultra-modern animated movie will deliver us into a thought-provoking and visually stunning narrative universe that will dazzle the imagination 26) 27).

Although Aquarica raises important questions and deals with matters of import in today’s society, it is first and foremost a deeply entertaining story, intended to appeal to a wide audience. It is indeed easy to grasp the stakes of this adventure and to identify with its endearing and deeply human characters. Furthermore, the outstanding artwork from Schuiten & Sokal and the astonishing inventiveness behind Martin Villeneuve’s first feature film, betoken a very exciting creative fusion 28) 29).

Due to his extremely tight budget, Martin invested seven years of his life and his crew worked for a fraction of their normal salary to bring Mars et Avril to the screen. It is a true miracle that he cannot possibly repeat a second time. However, Aquarica will surely benefit from all the lessons learned from this first feature – the tricks and techniques developed to reduce the budget while maximizing the end result. As with Mars et Avril, each shot of Aquarica will be carefully planned through an animatic of the whole film, leaving nothing to chance and putting creative and financial resources to full and efficient use 30) 31).

Director’s approach

In August 2016 The Cozy Sweater Café had an interview with filmmaker Martin Villeneuve 32). Among other projects, they talked about Aquarica:

What made you chose a girl to save the world in Aquarica?

“Because it would be a woman that would save the world. Femininity is life, renewal. The world would be a better place if there were more leaders with feminine traits like emotions and intuition. We men have other qualities, but tend to get stuck in our heads!”

Is it a comment on global warming?

“This movie is not a morality on how we should do things, it’s an acknowledgement of what’s going on, a fable about how these characters manage to make things right. How does losing one species affect us? Every time we lose something of value in the ecosystem, we are altering the equilibrium. This is our doom. We’re going down that path. Perhaps it’s our fate.”

How do we save ourselves?

“We have a lot of ways biologically to see things, but it gets discouraged by society. Kids understand that what we’re doing to the planet is clearly wrong, but as we grow up to work for a system that becomes part of our daily lives, we are blinded. We live in a capitalist society. If we did more meditation, focused on our dreams, and questioned what we want to do with our lives, we’d be happier. Most people aren’t happy because they haven’t asked that question at the right time in their life. We live with tremendous pressure and this leads to lack of creativity in our daily lives and in film. I want to make films we haven’t seen before, but it’s hard because as soon as you come up with an idea that people haven’t seen, they’re afraid, and they say it won’t work. The sequels are getting the money. The reason Quebec films and those made in countries like Belgium are so original is because no one expects them. We aren’t working for a factory. We are making indie films, sometimes they’re good, sometimes they aren’t, sometimes they’re weird, but they attract attention because they propose something new. They aren’t necessarily commercial, but they open the path for what is going to be commercial in 20 years. To make something new that has commercial appeal, you have to be right on time. Not too soon that people aren’t ready, and not too late that it’s been done before.”

Do you think we will save our planet?

“It’s tricky because the end of the world has been announced so many times. Perhaps climate change has to do with other things that we don’t really understand. All of this involves very complex parameters. It’s hard to say if we’re doomed, but the next 50-100 years will tell us. We lack connectivity, and a ‘big plan’ for humanity. We are trying to connect but if you look at societies like ants and bees, they all work together but we don’t have the ability. Perhaps we aren’t meant to stay here? Perhaps we are developing these abilities. When you show kids how to meditate, they have psychic abilities, they are able to plug into something bigger, and we don’t encourage these abilities. Most people will just laugh. We have a strong ability to bring new things into reality, to make a dream a reality. That is quite fascinating! We have that instinct, some people stronger than others. Steven Spielberg and James Cameron, for example, are probably very strong mediums, relying on their instinct. If they started to talk about it, people wouldn’t take them seriously. If we would encourage that in society, it would free us from many boundaries. I’m not afraid to talk about it. For me it’s part of our reality. Ninety percent of our reality is invisible and we are victim to not being able to see what is going on.”

See The Cozy Sweater Café for the full interview!


Aquarica got development support from SODEC in 2013. A first draft of the script was then complete and the project was selected for the third edition of the Frontières Market. Born from the popularity of many other co-production markets around the world and the complete lack of events specifically dedicated to the genre film industry, Frontières became the first market to exclusively focus on genre film co-productions between North America and Europe. To participate in Frontières, the selected projects have to be market premieres with a completed script and must be applicable to an international co-production environment where there is ideally a Canadian production element involved (either in terms of production location, cast or crew, or post-production facilities). They need to have a producer or production company attached, although some exceptions have been made for exceptional talents looking to find a new producer. The third edition of Frontières was held in Brussels from April 10 to 12, 2014 during the Brussels International Fantastic Film Festival.

The artistic development of the film marks the new collaboration of the director with famous Belgian illustrator François Schuiten, this time joined by fellow comic-book artist Benoît Sokal. Benoît Charest (The Triplets of Belleville) is already attached as a composer. ITEM 7 is now seeking potential creative partners in Europe and/or Asia, pre-sales and any potential post-production deals involving tax rebates and development funding 33).



In May 2018, director Martin Villeneuve and producer Pierre Even visited Paris to meet with Benoît Sokal and François Schuiten to discuss the Aquarica movie. According to Villeneuve: “Aquarica: not yet in a cinema near you, but another step in the right direction!” 34).

In July 2018, Schuiten & Sokal met in Southern France to do some visual tests with the main characters.

In July 2018, Schuiten & Sokal met in Southern France to do some visual tests with the main characters.

In February 2019 Martin Villeneuve held a recording session with actor Vlasta Vrana, composer Ben Charest and animation director Theodore Ty for a test they conducted for Aquarica 35)

The workshop resulted in a 50 seconds animation test that that will be unveiled at the Cannes film market 36) from May 14 - 23, 2019. See: The Crab: Prelude to Aquarica.

Gallery with the first sketches by Sokal and Schuiten for their Aquarica project.